Analysis of Forest and Land Fire with Hotspot Modis on Various Types of Land Cover in Central Kalimantan Province
Keywords:Forest Fire, Hotspot, Land Cover Type
Large forest and land fires occurring each year have severely detrimental impacts. Forest and land fires affect different types of land cover, the reason being that land cover indicates how fuel is available when a fire spreads. Information on the distribution of points hotspot on various land covers is still difficult to find. Therefore, this research is carried out to provide an overview to stakeholders who have an interest in forest and land issues as to where points of hotspot fire can be used as indicators of fire, and when integrated with land cover data, it is expected that information on the tendency of forest and land fire hazard in various land covers can guide policy in order for forest and land fire disaster to be anticipated as early as possible. The study was conducted in April until June 2019 with the context of the research set in the Central Kalimantan Province. The stages of the current research on forest and land fire vulnerability class analysis based on the types of land cover starts with the identification and collection of data, followed by data analysis, to build a distribution map model hotspot on various covers. Parameters observed were hotspots that were vulnerable during the last 10 years from 2009 to 2018. The results of calculations of the forest and land fire hazard class on forest land cover that are often included in the vulnerable category are secondary swamp forest (Hrs). Whereas the non-forest land cover which is often included at the dangerous level is the Shrub Shrubs (Br).